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sample
[ˈsɑːmpl] [ˈsæmpl]

  • n. 样品,样本;(化验的)抽样;(用于新乐曲中的)节录乐曲;确定(模拟信号)瞬时值
  • v. 品尝,体验;抽样检验;节录(某一曲子,用于新乐曲中)
  • adj. 样品的,作为例子的
  • n. (Sample) (美、英、爱尔兰)桑普尔(人名)

[ 过去式 sampled 过去分词 sampled 现在分词 sampling 复数 samples 第三人称单数 samples ]

英英释义

sample [ 'sɑ:mpl, 'sæ- ]

  • n.
    • a small part of something intended as representative of the whole
    • items selected at random from a population and used to test hypotheses about the population

      同义词: sample distribution sampling

    • all or part of a natural object that is collected and preserved as an example of its class
  • v. take a sample of

    同义词: try try out taste

以上来源于: WordNet

 柯林斯英汉双解大词典 

sample /ˈsɑːmpəl/ CET4 TEM4 ( sampling, sampled, samples )

  • 1. 

    N-COUNT A sample of a substance or product is a small quantity of it that shows you what it is like. 样品; 样本

    例:

    You'll receive samples of paint, curtains and upholstery.

    你将收到涂料、窗帘和座套的样品。

    例:

    We're giving away 2,000 free samples.

    我们正在赠送2000件免费样品。

  • 2. 

    N-COUNT A sample of a substance is a small amount of it that is examined and analysed scientifically. (用于检验、分析的) 试样

    例:

    They took samples of my blood.

    他们采了我的血样。

  • 3. 

    N-COUNT A sample of people or things is a number of them chosen out of a larger group and then used in tests or used to provide information about the whole group. 抽样

    例:

    We based our analysis on a random sample of more than 200 males.

    我们把我们的分析基于二百多名男性的一组随机抽样。

  • 4. 

    V-T If you sample food or drink, you taste a small amount of it in order to find out if you like it. 品尝

    例:

    We sampled a selection of different bottled waters.

    我们品尝了挑选出来的各种瓶装水。

  • 5. 

    V-T If you sample a place or situation, you experience it for a short time in order to find out about it. 体验

    例:

    ...the chance to sample a different way of life.

    …体验一种不同生活方式的机会。

词组短语同近义词同根词词语辨析

sample preparation 样品制备;样品处理;样品加工

sample data 样本数据;抽样资料

sample size 样本量;样本大小

small sample 小样本,小试样;小包货样

water sample 水样

standard sample 标准样品

sample survey 抽样检查;先行甸;样品鉴定

test sample 试样;试棒

random sample 随机样本;随意抽取调查;随机样品

blood sample 血液样本;血样;血液样品

soil sample 土壤样本

sample design 样品设计

sample solution 样品溶液,试料溶液

core sample 矿样;岩芯样本;土芯样本

sample order 照样品定货;试购

sample space 样本空间;试样空间;取样空间

representative sample 代表性样本

sample room 样品间;样品陈列室

control sample 对照试样

sample introduction 进样;样品导入

  更多收起词组短语

词根: sample

n.

sampling 取样;抽样

sampler [自] 采样器;取样器;样品检查员

v.

sampling 取样;抽样(sample的ing形式)

  specimen, illustration, case, example, instance, sample

这组词都有“例子、事例”的意思,其区别是:

specimen 可与sample换用,但常指人或物中选出的有代表性部分,或指供科研、化验或检验用的标本。

illustration 指用来说明、解释某种理论或看法而引用的例证。

case 多指需要加以认真研究的实例,如病例,案例等。

example 普通用词,指能代表同类事物性质或一般规律的典型例子。

instance 多指用于说明、支持或反证一般事实或理论的事例。

sample 通常指样品。

以上来源于网络

词组短语

sample preparation 样品制备;样品处理;样品加工

sample data 样本数据;抽样资料

sample size 样本量;样本大小

small sample 小样本,小试样;小包货样

water sample 水样

standard sample 标准样品

sample survey 抽样检查;先行甸;样品鉴定

test sample 试样;试棒

random sample 随机样本;随意抽取调查;随机样品

blood sample 血液样本;血样;血液样品

soil sample 土壤样本

sample design 样品设计

sample solution 样品溶液,试料溶液

core sample 矿样;岩芯样本;土芯样本

sample order 照样品定货;试购

sample space 样本空间;试样空间;取样空间

representative sample 代表性样本

sample room 样品间;样品陈列室

control sample 对照试样

sample introduction 进样;样品导入

  更多收起词组短语
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