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• And en route we discovered that we can divide the Periodic Table into metals, 75% which is about 75% of the Periodic Table.

我们发现,我们能够将元素周期表划出金属，大概占。

麻省理工公开课 - 固态化学导论课程节选

• If you click on Courseware you will get to this menu, the first of which preferences is Periodic Table.

如果你点击课件，就会来到这个菜单，第一个选择就是周期表。

麻省理工公开课 - 固态化学导论课程节选

• if we think about electronegativity as a periodic trend we can just draw our nice periodic table here, and let's separate it into quadrants.

如果我们来思考一下电负性的周期性规律,我们可以把我们漂亮的周期表画在这，然后把它分成四个象限。

麻省理工公开课 - 化学原理课程节选

• Here is as pacemaker and this pacemaker does the same thing that a heart pacemaker does, it generates periodic electrical signals.

它和心脏起搏器发挥的作用相似,发出周期性的电信号

耶鲁公开课 - 生物医学工程探索课程节选

• And I don't actually know the periodic table entry for raisins. So I'll have to write it out.

我不知道葡萄干的周期表条目是什么,所以现在我要把它写出来。

麻省理工公开课 - 计算机科学及编程导论课程节选

• A remember about the Periodic Table test which will be added next week on the 23rd.

我要提醒你们,下周23号将会有个周期表测试。

麻省理工公开课 - 固态化学导论课程节选

• Periodic Table, Table of Constants, and you are allowed an aid sheet, an 8-1/2 by 11 sheet of paper.

元素周期表，常数表，你允许带帮助表格，一个8-1/2乘11的纸。

麻省理工公开课 - 固态化学导论课程节选

• So, remember when you're looking at your periodic table, don't forget about the lanthanides, sometimes they come into play.

因此，要记住，当你在看元素周期表时，不要忘了镧系元素，有时候也会用到它们。

麻省理工公开课 - 化学原理课程节选

• So you should be able to look at your periodic table and see this, or also I've written the trend here.

大家应该能够通过查周期表，或者通过看我写在这里的趋势看出来。

麻省理工公开课 - 化学原理课程节选

• If you look on the Periodic Table this is 598 atomic hydrogen. And, sure enough, there is 13.598, which is this number here in electron volts.

如果你查找元素周期表上的氢原子,毫无疑问，它的电离能就是13。,这个数值也是电子伏的值。

麻省理工公开课 - 固态化学导论课程节选

• So hopefully, it was a time issue in terms of looking at the periodic table, because let's have you tell me what are we looking for here?

希望刚才大家出问题的原因,是因为看周期表有时间限制，请大家告诉我,我们在这里找什么？

麻省理工公开课 - 化学原理课程节选

• So, if we look on the periodic table, comparing, for example, s to o, if we have s it's below o, what happens to ionization energy as we go down a table?

那么，如果我们看周期表上，比较，比如，硫和氧，硫在氧下面，当我们沿着表向下看的时候,电离能是怎么变化的？

麻省理工公开课 - 化学原理课程节选

• So, this means we have the general trends down, so we should be able to look at actual atoms in our periodic table and graph them and see that they match up with our trends.

那么，这表示我们已经知道了大体的规律，现在我们可以来看看周期表中的,原子的实际情况，并把它们画出来,看看是否与我们的规律相符。

麻省理工公开课 - 化学原理课程节选

• Depending on what kind of chemistry you go in to, you might accidentally memorize parts of the table, which is fine, but what you really want to know how to do is know how to use the periodic table.

取决于你今后从事哪个方向的化学研究，你可能会不经意地记住周期表的某一部分，这就够了，但是要注意,你真正需要知道的是如何使用元素周期表。

麻省理工公开课 - 化学原理课程节选

• So as we go down we're now adding electrons to further and further away shells, so what we're going to see is that the atomic radius is going to increase as we're going down the periodic table.

当我们向下走时,我们会将电子加在越来越远的壳层上，因此我们将看到原子半径,将随我们沿周期表向下走而增大。

麻省理工公开课 - 化学原理课程节选

• And what we've been talking about with all of these properties are, of course, how can we figure out what that is for a certain atom by looking at the periodic table, so we want to think about the periodic trend for atomic radius.

对于我们讲过的这些性质，我们所讨论的一直都是,当然是，我们如何能够判断某一个原子的这些性质,通过观察周期表，因此我们需要思考一下原子半径的周期性规律。

麻省理工公开课 - 化学原理课程节选

• So, here we have a picture of Dmitri Mendeleev, who is one of the scientists responsible for first compiling the periodic table.

这是一张德米特里？门捷列夫的画像，他是最早制作,元素周期表的科学家之一。

麻省理工公开课 - 化学原理课程节选

• See, if you know the Periodic Table then you know where elements are relative to one another.

如果你足够熟悉元素周期表,你可以知道,任何元素与另外元素的关系。

麻省理工公开课 - 固态化学导论课程节选

• We need to add something else in order to explain what is going on in the Periodic Table.

我们需要引其他一些东西进来才能解释清楚,元素周期表中发生的这种现象。

麻省理工公开课 - 固态化学导论课程节选

• So, then all we need to do to determine which elements that corresponds to is take a look at our periodic table.

因此，我们需要做的只剩下,在元素周期表中寻找,对应的元素有哪些。

麻省理工公开课 - 化学原理课程节选

• So specifically, what we're asking here is as we go across the periodic table, we want to consider which has the smaller ionization energy.

具体地说，我们这里要问的是,从周期表来看，你认为,哪一个元素的电离能更低。

麻省理工公开课 - 化学原理课程节选

• I thought, well, maybe we can now go to the Periodic Table and figure out what is going on there.

那么接下来，我们可以讲元素周期表了吧,让我们看一下在这儿我们又会遇到什么问题。

麻省理工公开课 - 固态化学导论课程节选

• 5% And, it turns out that about 75% of the periodic table falls into this category.

而且，它表明元素周期表的,都属于这个种类。

麻省理工公开课 - 固态化学导论课程节选

• We'll then take a turn to talking about the periodic table, we'll look at a bunch of periodic trends, including ionization energy, electron affinity, electronegativity and atomic radius.

然后我们再开始讲元素周期表，我们会看到很多周期性规律，比如电离能，电子亲和能，电负性以及原子半径。

麻省理工公开课 - 化学原理课程节选

• And in contrast, in the lower left hand part of the periodic table, these 2 quantities are low, so also what we're going to see is low electronegativity.

相反地，在周期表的左下部分，这两个量的值都很小，因此我们会看到这里的电负性也很低。

麻省理工公开课 - 化学原理课程节选

• So, that's actually the electron configuration we have when we're talking about copper and some other exceptions in the periodic table that you're going to be looking at.

因此，这才是铜原子真正的电子排布,而且我们在元素周期表中,会看到与铜原子类似的,其他例外的情况。

麻省理工公开课 - 化学原理课程节选

• We have a table of the elements with properties varying periodically with atomic mass, so we compress all of that information and refer to it as the Periodic Table.

我们有一个元素表，其中的元素的特性,随着原子质量的改变而引起周期性的变化，所以我们将所有的信息精简,将它变成一个周期表。

麻省理工公开课 - 固态化学导论课程节选

• We know that ionization energy is going to increase as we go across the periodic table, so that means carbon has a lower ionization energy than nitrogen which is right next to us.

我们知道电离能会随着周期表,向右而逐渐变大，因此碳的电离能比旁边的氮要低一些,那么就像我说的。

麻省理工公开课 - 化学原理课程节选

• You can see that as you fill up your periodic table, it's very clear. But also we'll tell you a pneumonic device to keep that in mind, so you always remember and get the orbital energy straight.

在你们填周期表的时候，非常清楚但是我们也要告诉你们,一个策略去记住它，所以你们总是记得,并得到连续的轨道能量。

麻省理工公开课 - 化学原理课程节选

periodic structure 周期性结构；周期组织

periodic maintenance 定期维修；定期保养

periodic change 周期变化；周期变更

periodic law [化]周期律；门捷列夫氏定律

periodic motion 周期运动

periodic review 定期检查；按期盘点

periodic system 周期系，周期系统

periodic acid 过碘酸；高碘酸

periodic error 周期误差；周期性误差

periodic time [计]周期，周期时间

periodic cleaning 定期清理，定期清洗

periodic report 定期报告

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