• The plants can be deficient in certain things, especially fat soluble vitamins that come from meat and from essential amino acids.

    植物中缺乏某些物质,特别是脂溶性维生素,那些只能从肉类和必需氨基酸中获得

    耶鲁公开课 - 关于食物的心理学、生物学和政治学课程节选

  • Steroids are small molecules - much smaller than proteins - smaller molecules that tend to be hydrophobic or lipid soluble.

    类固醇是小分子物质,比蛋白质小得多,这类小分子是非水溶性的,或者说是脂溶性的

    耶鲁公开课 - 生物医学工程探索课程节选

  • And they wanted to use a soluble salt of citric acid, so they could have used sodium, they could have used potassium.

    而且他们想用一种柠檬酸的可溶性盐,他们本可以用钠,也可以用钾。

    麻省理工公开课 - 化学原理课程节选

  • Again, the bonds soluble in water.

    不过,离子键在水中可溶。

    麻省理工公开课 - 固态化学导论课程节选

  • They're water soluble and fat soluble vitamins that look like this, and the difference between the two is that the fat soluble vitamins when they're ingested, gets stored in the body fat primarily in the liver.

    分为脂溶性维生素和水溶性维生素,像这样,二者的区别在于,脂溶性维生素一经摄取,大多都储存在肝脏的脂肪中

    耶鲁公开课 - 关于食物的心理学、生物学和政治学课程节选

  • It can't enter cells because it's too big and it's too water soluble so it can't go through cell membranes.

    它的分子太大了所以无法进入细胞,而且还是水溶性的,所以它也无法穿过细胞膜

    耶鲁公开课 - 生物医学工程探索课程节选

  • And then linked to the glycerol instead of a third fatty acid chain is a water soluble molecule, like a salt.

    但连到甘油上的第三个基团不是脂肪酸链,而是一种水溶性的分子,像盐一样

    耶鲁公开课 - 生物医学工程探索课程节选

  • It's very water soluble and it's a big molecule, a very big molecule; it can't naturally get inside cells on its own.

    它是一个水溶性极强的大分子,非常非常大的分子,质粒在自然状态下并不能自己进入细胞

    耶鲁公开课 - 生物医学工程探索课程节选

  • Hormones can be proteins, endocrine hormones can be proteins, meaning they're large molecules that are usually fairly water soluble, or they can be steroids.

    激素可以是蛋白,内分泌激素可以是蛋白,这意味着激素是大分子,并且通常是水溶性的,激素也可以是类固醇

    耶鲁公开课 - 生物医学工程探索课程节选

  • The rest of these examples refer to receptors as I've been describing them and ligands that are soluble and can move around the body.

    我接下来要讲的有关受体,以及能游走于体内各处可溶性的配体

    耶鲁公开课 - 生物医学工程探索课程节选

  • The lipids will form a bi-layer where the water soluble part of the lipid points out of this layer and the oily part points in.

    脂质会形成双层膜,水溶性部分朝向膜层外,而脂溶性的部分朝向双层膜内部

    耶鲁公开课 - 生物医学工程探索课程节选

  • It has to be small, and it has to be lipid soluble in order for it to pass through a cell membrane.

    这些分子必须非常小,而且必须是脂溶性的,才能穿过细胞膜

    耶鲁公开课 - 生物医学工程探索课程节选

  • They're small molecules, they're lipid soluble, they can go from extracellular to intracellular.

    它们是小分子,并且是脂溶性的,它们能从胞外进入胞内

    耶鲁公开课 - 生物医学工程探索课程节选

  • There can be a supply of them, a storehouse of them that can build up in the body, and so day-to-day fluctuations become less of a problem with fat soluble then water soluble vitamins, because the body can go grab them from a storage depot, if you will.

    从而在体内建立起一个供应源,一个脂溶性维生素仓库,这样一来,相比起水溶性维生素,脂溶性维生素的浓度不会每天剧烈波动,因为机体可以任意取用体内的储存

    耶鲁公开课 - 关于食物的心理学、生物学和政治学课程节选

  • The opposite leaflet does the other thing, the water soluble part points down and the fat points up, so now you have thin region of fat which is surrounded on both sides by water.

    相反的部位则有不同的情况,水溶性部分向下,而脂肪向上,所以现在就得到了,两侧均被水包围的薄层脂肪区域

    耶鲁公开课 - 生物医学工程探索课程节选

  • Now this behaves very differently in water because part of it is water soluble, this part is, it's a molecule that would like to dissolve in water and part of it is like oil, it doesn't want to dissolve in water.

    它们在水中表现出十分不同性质,因为一部分是水溶性的,这一部分是,是一种可以溶于水的分子,而另一部分就像油,不会溶于水中

    耶鲁公开课 - 生物医学工程探索课程节选

  • The water soluble vitamins tend to be used more immediately by the body not stored and excreted through the urine if consumed in excess, so the body can tolerate more variation in intake of these before you start getting toxicity than is the case with the vitamins on the right.

    而水溶性维生素往往都立刻被身体所利用,不会被机体储藏,过剩部分由尿液排出,因此机体耐受过量水溶性维生素的能力,相比起右边这栏里的脂溶性维生素,可是要强得多了

    耶鲁公开课 - 关于食物的心理学、生物学和政治学课程节选

  • The fascinating part about this layer is that it solves the problem for phospholipids about how to exist in water when half of you wants to be in oil, and that the water soluble part of the top leaflet here, of the top points up into the water, and the fatty acid chains point down.

    这层膜的迷人之处在于,它解决了磷脂,如何存在于水中和油脂中的问题,水溶性的顶端部分,向上插入水中,而脂肪链则指向下

    耶鲁公开课 - 生物医学工程探索课程节选

  • So you form DNA lipid complexes and because the DNA is complexed with lipids it's more soluble in membranes and more likely to enter cells.

    形成DNA脂类复合体之后,因DNA同脂类复合,其脂溶性大大增加,更容易进入细胞

    耶鲁公开课 - 生物医学工程探索课程节选

词组短语

water soluble 水溶性的;溶于水的

soluble starch 可溶性淀粉

soluble glass n. [材料学]溶性玻璃(等于sodium silicate)

acid soluble adj. 酸溶性

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